Archives by date

You are browsing the site archives by date.

1945: Ultimatum debated in Japan

Tokyo picks up Potsdam declaration on the radio at 0700 local time 27 July. Things noted during the all-day debate among Japanese ministers: -Soviets weren’t a part of declaration; they’re still neutral (that’s A Good Thing) -declaration specifies what Allies mean by unconditional— the term is used only once and in context of the Japanese […]

1945: Potsdam Declaration

Following are our terms. We will not deviate from them. There are no alternatives. We shall brook no delay. After spending the day in Frankfurt to inspect the troops there (and dine with General Eisenhower), Truman returns to Potsdam. He receives word that Chiang Kai-shek has cabled his approval of the declaration. So that evening, […]

1945: U235 Flight Cargo

Air Force C-54 cargo planes in Albuquerque get a rather small load: some of the final parts of the Little Boy bomb. One of the sub-critical parts of uranium—the target rings—is part of this cargo load. The cargo load is oh, all of a few hundred pounds. Yet General Groves requests—and receives—not one, but of […]

1945: Britain’s Election Returns

Churchill, back in London, keeps checking in on election returns. The early morning news is not good. His party, the Conservative party, is being upset by the Socialist party. By noon, it doesn’t get any better/ Churchill’s wife, Clemmie, says, “It may well be a blessing in disguise.” Winston Churchill replies, “At the moment, it […]